Causes and treatment of gum recession

Gingival recession, also known as receding gums, is a condition where the gum tissue that surrounds the teeth pulls back or wears away, exposing more of the tooth and its root. The following are some causes, prevention methods, and treatment options for gingival recession:


  • Poor oral hygiene: Not brushing and flossing regularly can lead to plaque and tartar buildup, which can cause inflammation and infection in the gums.
  • Aggressive tooth brushing: Using a hard-bristled toothbrush or brushing with too much force can cause the gums to recede.
  • Periodontal disease: Gum disease can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth, exposing more of the tooth and its root.
  • Clenching or grinding: Bruxism (teeth grinding) can put a lot of pressure on the teeth and gums, causing the gums to recede.
  • Genetics: Some people may be more prone to gingival recession due to their genetic make-up.


  • Good oral hygiene: Brushing and flossing regularly can help to remove plaque and prevent gum disease.
  • Soft-bristled toothbrush: Using a soft-bristled toothbrush can help to prevent aggressive brushing and protect the gums.
  • Limit tobacco use: Smoking or using tobacco products can increase the risk of gingival recession.
  • Treat bruxism: If you have bruxism, it’s important to address it to prevent further damage to the gums and teeth.


  • Scaling and root planing: This is a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from the tooth surface, both above and below the gum line. It also smooths the root surfaces to discourage future bacterial growth.
  • Gum Graft: A gum graft is a surgical procedure where a piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth and used to cover the exposed root of the tooth.
  • Platelet-rich Fibrin (PRF): It’s a blood-derived product that is used in some cases of gum recession to enhance the healing process and to promote tissue regeneration
  • Soft Tissue Laser: A soft tissue laser can be used to remove bacteria and diseased tissue while promoting healing and regeneration of healthy tissue.

It’s important to note that the success of the treatment depends on the stage and cause of the gingival recession. It’s important to consult with a dentist or periodontist to determine the best treatment options for your specific case. Additionally, it’s important to maintain good oral hygiene and to see a dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings to prevent further recession.


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